Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Lone Star Land Steward Awards

By: Justin Bryan

As a wildlife biologist, I’m always interested in properties (ranches, farms, plantations) that utilize management practices such as restoring rangelands, better farming techniques, brush management, improving watersheds, etc. It requires thinking, big planning, financial considerations, and a lot of physical labor. More often than not, the largest challenge is committing to doing things differently from how they’ve always been done.

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Our Hall and Hall Farm and Ranch services team is often engaged to help landowners with such tasks. Bringing in new ideas, with years of experience to support them. Our in-the-field knowledge and staff diversity lend itself well to working with a farm or ranch owner to create a plan of action and see it through. Fortunately, we are able to work with landowners throughout the U.S. and are not geographically challenged. Living in Texas, I try to keep up with the success that all landowners are having when they undertake such endeavors.

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In a state such as Texas that is 97% privately owned, residents rely on private property owners to manage for healthy ecosystems on a diversity of environments. From the piney woods of east Texas to the deserts of west Texas and from the coastal riparian areas to the high plains. The habitats on these farms and ranches are important for items such as clean air, minimizing soil erosion, allow water to filter into the aquifers, acting as a buffer for hurricanes and providing a home to a diversity of plant life, insects, endangered species, common wildlife, etc.

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Since 1996, The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department has annually awarded a Lone Star Land Steward Award to landowners in each ecoregion of Texas, who go above and beyond in an effort to manage the natural resources on their property. Below are the 2017 award winners with a brief description of each management program.

Blackland Prairie – Brown Ranch, Fayette County

Mark Brown, owner

  • When the Brown family acquired their ranch in 2000, the property had been heavily utilized for hay production, livestock grazing and row crop farming which left the habitat quality in poor condition and nearly 100% covered in exotic grasses.
  • The Browns began restoring their piece of the vanishing Fayette Prairie back to a tall grass community for the benefit of grassland songbirds and pollinator species. Mr. Brown has utilized a number of innovative techniques to control exotic grasses.
  • Mr. Brown has cooperated with a number of different partners to complete multiple GRIP and EQIP grassland restoration projects.
  • Brown is an active member of a number of conservation organizations and sits on the board of the East Navidad Wildlife Management Association and the South Central Texas Prescribed Burn Association.
  • The family frequently hosts field days on the ranch to share what they have learned with their neighbors.

Edwards Plateau – Three Mile Creek Ranch, Gillespie County

Kim Bergman and Pam Mabry Bergman, owners

  • When purchased in 1996, the 685-acre hill country property was covered in dense ashe juniper (cedar) trees. The Bergman’s began asking the advice from natural resource professionals and quickly developed a plan.
  • The Bergmans selectively hand cut cedar on 500 acres and hand seeded the cleared areas with native grasses.
  • The thick grasses that developed due to the juniper clearing have increased groundwater recharge, improved stream flow/water quality in the creek and improved soil health.
  • They utilize all five of Aldo Leopold’s famous tools for habitat management and income production to restore the landscape.
  • The Texas Youth Hunting Program has been utilized to help control white-tailed deer numbers, and wildlife management classes from Tarleton State University come to the ranch several times per year to learn wildlife, watershed and land management techniques.
  • As a confirmation of their long term stewardship goals, the Bergmans donated a 685 acre conservation easement on the ranch to insure the land will remain natural and intact forever.

Cross Timbers & Prairies – Solana Ranch, Bell & Williamson Counties

Michaux Family, owners

  • Property acquired in 1950 by Frank Michaux has been managed by the Michaux family for close to 67 years.
  • Through the years, the ranch has selectively cleared ashe juniper and applied prescribed fire to restore productive grassland habitats and protect valuable springs and water resources.
  • The Solana’s unique hunting operation provides fantastic dove hunting access for many local hunters, which in turn allows the family to derive sustainable income to manage other aspects of ranch operations.
  • The family partnered with The Nature Conservancy to place a conservation easement on 250 acres of important habitat to protect the Salado salamander.
  • The ranch serves as a trap site for TPWD’s statewide turkey and dove banding studies.
  • Through their innovative cattle and hunting operations, they have found a way to hold a special piece of property together in the face of development pressure.

Pineywoods – Arcadia, Shelby County

Greg Grant, owner

  • Greg Grant lives on his great-grandparent’s longtime farm in Arcadia, Texas where he continues to persistently restore parcels of native habitat for the benefit of wildlife and the education of his fellow landowners.
  • From 1953–1993, Grant’s grandfather farmed, produced hay and raised beef cattle and horses on the place. When Greg took ownership, he began to reforest portions of the property and plant some parts in native prairie.
  • Greg’s primary wildlife goal is to create habitat for native cavity-nesting birds, pine savanna birds and a number of pollinator species. His fire-maintained, snag-filled pine forest has attracted seven of the eight species of East Texas woodpeckers plus eastern bluebirds, pine warblers, brown-headed nuthatches and numerous other songbirds.
  • Perhaps closest to his heart is a remnant population of prairie trillium that he discovered growing in his hardwood forest. This rare species was previously unknown in Texas and is now found in only two other locations in East Texas.
  • In addition to restoring his great-grandparent’s 1890’s dogtrot style farmhouse, Grant also cooperated with the Stephen F. Austin State University Center of Regional Heritage Research as the pilot community for their Voices from Small Places project.
  • Over the last 20 years, Greg has hosted hundreds of visitors for educational and recreational tours of the property. He is a shining example of what true land stewardship and rural family heritage looks like on an averaged sized east Texas tract of land.

South Texas – Harris Ranch, Uvalde and Kinney Counties

Mike Harris, owner

John Sewell, manager

  • The Harris Ranch, which has approximately 6.5 miles of the West Nueces River flowing through its boundaries, had been severely overgrazed with resulting poor land and water quality when John Sewell took over management of the property. Cattle were immediately deferred while the ranch began to recover.
  • Sewell worked with NRCS to fence off over 800 acres of riparian habitat along the river in order to allow the area to capture sediment, revegetate, slow down flood water and increase water quality. Recent flood events have proven this work to be extremely valuable, not only for the local wildlife but also for landowners and water users downstream.
  • The ranch has an active brush management program where juniper, mesquite, and prickly pear are controlled.
  • The ranch is an active participant in TPWD’s Managed Lands Deer Program (MLDP) and maintains an active hunting component to ranch operations. Although deer hunting pays most of the bills, turkeys have responded very well to the habitat management on the ranch and have gone from nearly nonexistent populations at the time of Sewell’s arrival to robust and growing numbers today.
  • John Sewell and the Harris Ranch maintain an open door policy to government and university staff for landowner workshops and research projects. They also provide opportunities for kids to learn about the outdoors and hunting through youth hunts with a number of organizations.

Trans-Pecos – El Carmen Land & Conservation Co., LLC, Brewster County

CEMEX USA and J. Austin Ranches, owners

Billy Pat and Bonnie McKinney, managers

  • When CEMEX USA and J. Austin Ranches purchased the property in 2006 the land was suffering from severe erosion and overgrazing by domestic livestock and exotic species. However, they knew that because of the strategic location of the property it was crucial to the long-term health of Trans-Pecos wildlife.
  • A perpetual conservation easement was placed on 9,496 deeded acres adjacent to and south of Black Gap Wildlife Management Area along the Rio Grande.
  • From inception the mission statement of ECLCC has been “To restore the lands and native wildlife of a lower desert ecosystem, and protect vital dispersal corridors for wildlife and birds on a local and transboundary level, with the long-term goal of having the area serve as a demonstration and research property that can eventually be used as a model for lower Chihuahuan Desert Conservation.”
  • The property serves as an important travel corridor for black bear and desert bighorn sheep.
  • Sources of water were scarce when the property was acquired, but today a total of 37 permanent water sources are now available to wildlife on the ranch.
  • The ranch has cooperated with government partners on a number of translocation projects where native wildlife species including mule deer, Gambel’s quail, and Rio Grande Silvery Minnows were reintroduced on the ranch. One such project was the four-year partnership with TPWD to relocate Gambel’s quail to their historic range. To date the birds have done very well dispersing along the Rio Grande corridor and showing good reproduction each year.

Rolling Plains – Wild Wings Ranch, Scurry County

Rod and Mary Hench, owners

  • When Rod and Mary Hench acquired the Wild Wings Ranch it had been severely overgrazed and was covered with prickly pear, mesquite, and red berry juniper.
  • The Henches developed an innovative block management approach across the entire ranch where 25 percent of each acreage block is treated each year according to a color-coded grid. Nearly every acre of the ranch has been treated to control invasive plants and optimize wildlife habitat.
  • They also protect valuable spring systems on the ranch with strategic mechanical brush control. They catch runoff water and prevent erosion by developing small spreader dams seeded with native grasses after construction.
  • They provide for future turkey roost sites by controlling brush in riparian (creek) areas and planting cottonwood trees to improve riparian habitat. Artificial turkey roosts have also been constructed to provide winter roosting habitat.
  • Stocker cattle are utilized during the dormant season to improve coverage and diversity of warm-season grasses and forbs, which are highly valuable for native wildlife.
  • Rod and Mary regularly work with natural resource agencies to host landowner field days on the ranch. They also open their gates to universities for student field training and wildlife research.

Texas Farm & Ranch Wildlife Management: Qualified and Appraised Land

By: Justin Bryan

There is no question that the demographics of rural land ownership continues to change. Where we were once largely an agrarian society with each of us having some ties to a farm or ranch, it is no longer the case as more of us completely live an urban life. Yet the desire to own a farm or especially a beautiful ranch, is still very much in the minds of most of us.

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For many new ranch owners, they desire the property but prefer to avoid the ownership of their own livestock herd and/or coping with grazing leases. It’s not that they don’t understand the value of livestock, they just choose not to oversee the issues involved with livestock. Instead their goals tend to revolve around increasing the abundance and health of native vegetation, being able to view a diversity of wildlife, and reinvigorating riparian/stream and fishery ecosystems. In other words, their primary use of the land is managing it for wild things.

LAND VALUATION

Historically in Texas, appraisal districts and appraised land operating with a livestock business qualify for a tax rate lower than other properties. These are known as 1-d-1 appraisals. A 1-d-1 valuation rate was not in place for those ranch owners who possessed little interest in livestock yet valued and actively invested time, money and labor into the enhancement of rangelands, forests, deserts, wetlands, wildlife, and fisheries.

Understanding that the demographics of rural land ownership in Texas was and is changing, and more importantly to support the continued landowner efforts to ecologically care for these properties, the Texas voters approved Proposition 11 in 1995. This amended 1-d-1 of the Texas Constitution thus: “to permit productivity appraisal for land used to manage wildlife.”  This was followed by House Bill 1358, “adding wildlife management as an agricultural use that qualifies the land for agricultural (productivity) appraisal.” At that point, if the primary use of the land is managing for wildlife, the land could potentially qualify for the 1-d-1 valuation rate. The passage of Proposition 11 opened the doors for landowners to maintain the 1-d-1 valuation rate by actively managing for wildlife and without the responsibility of livestock.

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REQUIREMENTS TO QUALIFY WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT USE  

  1. The land must have been qualified and appraised as 1-d-1 agricultural land in the year prior to conversion to wildlife management use.
  2. Land must be used to generate a sustaining breeding, migrating or wintering population of indigenous wild animals.
  3. The indigenous wildlife populations must be produced for human use.

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APPLICATION TO QUALIFY FOR WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT USE

  1. The landowner must submit a wildlife management plan to the chief tax appraiser in the county between January 1 and April 30 of the tax year.
  2. The landowner must perform 3 of the 7 management practices each year.
    1. Habitat Control (Management)
    2. Erosion Control
    3. Predator Control (Management)
    4. Providing Supplemental Supplies of Water
    5. Providing Supplemental Supplies of Food
    6. Providing Shelter
    7. Making Census Counts to Determine Population

For more detailed information or assistance with the agricultural tax valuation for wildlife use, feel free to contact us at Hall and Hall Farm and Ranch Management Services: Justin Bryan ([email protected]).

Additional information regarding the wildlife valuation can be found at: http://comptroller.texas.gov/taxinfo/proptax/pdf/96-354.pdf or http://forages.tamu.edu/PDF/Wildlife%20Management%20as%20Agricultural%20Use%20for%20Property%20Tax%20Valuation%20in%20Texas.pdf

 

10 Texas Land Management Practices for Winter Months

By: Justin Bryan

When it comes to ranch management the term “ongoing project” is often an understatement. For those of us who enjoy the diversity of tasks that comes with ranch ownership, the winter months are often the best time to get a jump on things. At the forefront, is proper rangeland management, as it is the rangeland that feeds livestock and wildlife, filters water, sustains plant and animal diversity, and provides habitat. It is essentially the foundation for our property’s success.

Fortunately properties in Texas, unlike those in the western and northern U.S., are seldom covered in snow during the winter, therefore providing us with a great opportunity to get ahead of the game in regards to those range management endeavors. To elaborate on this discussion a little more, take a look at Dr. Megan Clayton’s (Texas A&M Extension) top 10 list of winter rangeland projects.

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Lucky Star Ranch is a unique and diverse ranch property located in southwest Wise County, TX.

  1. Brush Management - There are two individual plant treatment methods that can be done when the weather is not sweltering: 1) cut stump treatment and 2) stem spray method. Both of these methods involve a mixture of triclopyr and diesel applied to either the freshly cut stump or stem of brush species1,2.
  1. Fecal and Forage Sampling - Send off a fecal sample of your cattle herd to monitor diet quality and see if you need to adjust your supplemental feeding program (cnrit.tamu.edu/ganlab). Alternatively, if purchasing hay, conduct a forage analysis (soiltesting.tamu.edu).
  1. Measure Your Forage - Measure your forage available for livestock3.  Both pre-winter and post-winter assessments of your vegetation can help you determine the number of livestock you can feed.  For example, checking your forage at the beginning of the winter will indicate the amount of grass you have for the winter and determine if adjustments in your stocking rate need to be made OR if you can expect to need hay.
  1. Identify Problem Weeds Early - Identify areas where you experienced weed issues this year and/or where there is bare ground or you fed hay. Learn to identify the problem plant in its early stages of growth so treatment can be done early in the season, when the control will be higher and require less chemical. Check out essmextension.tamu.edu/plants to get started.
  1. Plan Future Management - Be sure to evaluate the pastures you intend to burn, especially if you plan to conduct a prescribed burn in late-winter4. Do you have enough fuel to create the kind of fire you want this year? This is also a good time to plan any chemical treatments you would like to do in the spring/summer or manage livestock pasture rotations to benefit wildlife habitat5.
  1. Install Fire Breaks - Winter is an excellent time to maintain or install fire breaks for prescribed burning4. Fire breaks can also be used to protect pastures, barns, and equipment from wildfires that may spread quickly during dry seasons. Learn how to protect your land and property at http://texaseden.org/disaster-resources/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/protection-of-rangeland-and-pastures-from-wildfire.pdf.
  1. Mend or Plan Fencing - Do you have forage in pastures that has not been utilized well6? Use this cooler time to mend or plan fencing to maximize rotational grazing opportunities in the spring.
  1. Calibrate Sprayers - Save both time and money by accurately calibrating your spray equipment. Be ready for   next spring by visiting http://southtexasrangelands.tamu.edu/useful-publications/ and click on ‘Sprayer Calibration Guide’ to download instructions.
  1. Watch for Winter Plant Toxicities - We are used to hearing about plant toxicities, such as nitrate accumulation, in some plant species after fertilization or drought, but did you know these plants can also build up cyanide after the first frost? Be careful not to turn hungry cattle into a pasture with johnsongrass (or other sorghums) during this frost condition due to the potential of toxic build up in the plant (http://essmextension.tamu.edu/plants/plant/johnsongrass/).
  1. Learn Something New! - Even during unfavorable weather, you could watch an educational webinar from your own computer! The Texas Range Webinar Series (naturalresourcewebinars.tamu.edu) has an hour long webinar every first Thursday of the month at noon OR you can watch them archived all winter long! Watch for free or pay $10 to get a Pesticide Applicator CEU (on qualifying webinars).